Knee pain affects people of all ages, and almost everybody experienced it. Knee pain can be the result of an injury, such as a ligament rupture or torn cartilage. Medical conditions, including arthritis, gout and infections, can also cause knee pain and require medical attention. Things you can do on your own to treat knee pain can significantly help with different types of problems.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF THE KNEE PAIN INCLUDE:
- swelling and stiffness,
- redness and warmth to the touch,
- weakness or instability,
- popping or crunching,
- inability to completely straighten the knee.
KNEE PAIN CAUSES
Knee pain can be the result of injuries, mechanical problems, some types of arthritis and other problems. These are the most common causes:
A knee injury can affect any of the ligaments, tendons, or fluid-filled sacs (bursae) surrounding the knee joint, as well as the bones, cartilage, and ligaments that form the joint itself. Some of the most common knee injuries include:
- Anterior cruciate ligament injury – is most common in sports such as football, basketball and skiing. At the time of the injury, many hear the popping sound. After the injury, the knee can swell and become so painful that it is impossible to stand on the leg. Depending on the injury, treatment may include rehabilitation or surgery.
- Fractures – A patella or kneecap is located at the front of the knee and protects the joints from injury. Because it acts as a shield it is susceptible to fractures. This is a serious knee injury, and depending on the severity of the injury, it can be treated by wearing a splint until the bone heals, and more complex injuries require surgery to restore the knee function.
- Torn meniscus – This is a knee injury in which connective cartilage tissue ruptures inside the knee. Cracking is mostly caused by trauma due to sudden knee rotation, and is common in athletics, basketball and tennis. It can also be due to joint wear and is treated with surgery.
- Knee bursitis (inflammation of the fluid in the joint) – Small fluid-filled sacs are located between the muscles and tendons, and some are also connected with the joint cavity and are involved in the circulation of synovial fluid. In the case of inflammation, they swell and cause pain. When pain occurs, it is necessary to reduce physical activity and massage the knees for ten minutes, several times a day.
- Patellar tendinitis (irritation and inflammation of one or more tendons) – Also known as jumper’s knee, that may occur after an intense workout and is manifested as pain in the front of the knee. It is most common in athletes who train often. The person has to reduce the number of workouts, cool the knee with ice and massage it.
Here are some of the examples of mechanical problems that can cause knee pain:
- Sometimes injury or degeneration of bone or cartilage can cause a piece of bone or cartilage to break and float in the joint space. This can create no problems unless the loose body interferes with the knee joint movement.
- The iliotibial band syndrome occurs when a solid band of tissue that extends from the outside of the hip to the outside of the knee (the iliotibial band) becomes so tight that it rubs against the outer portion of the femur.
- Dislocated knees – occur when a triangular bone (patella) that covers the front of the knee slides out of place, usually outside the knee. In some cases, the knee may remain displaced and you may see the dislocation.
- Hip or foot pain – If you have pain in your hips or feet, you can change the way you walk to spare these sore joints. In some cases, problems in the hip or foot can cause knee pain.
TYPES OF ARTHRITIS THAT CAUSE KNEE PAIN
There are more than 100 different types of arthritis. The types that most commonly affect knee pain are:
- Osteoarthritis – Also called degenerative arthritis, osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis. It is a condition of wear and tear that occurs when the cartilage in the knee is consumed with use and age.
- Rheumatoid arthritis – is an autoimmune disease that can affect almost any joint in the body, including the knees. Although rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic disease, it tends to vary in severity and can even come and go.
- Gout – This type of arthritis occurs when uric acid crystals accumulate in the joint. Although gout commonly affects the thumb, it can also occur in the knee.
- Septic arthritis – Sometimes the knee joint can become infected, leading to swelling, pain and redness. Septic arthritis often occurs with fever and usually no trauma before the onset of pain. Septic arthritis can quickly cause major damage to the cartilage of the knee.
TIPS FOR KNEE PAIN RELIEF
Although it is not always possible to prevent knee pain, the following tips can help prevent injury and improve the joint condition:
- Keep your weight under control – Maintaining your optimum weight is one of the best things you can do for your knees. Each pound puts more weight on your joints, increasing your risk of injury and osteoarthritis.
- Stay fit – you will achieve this through regular exercise and training. Because weak muscles are the leading cause of knee injuries, you will benefit from building quadriceps that support your knees. Balance and stability training help support the muscles around the knee. Stretching is also important because it gives flexibility, so warm up before a workout and stretch after a workout. When exercising, do it properly – make sure that the technique and movement patterns you use in sports or activities are performed correctly.
- Choose the exercise according to your condition – If you have osteoarthritis, chronic knee pain, or occasional injuries, you may need to change your exercise routine. Consider switching to swimming, water aerobics, or other activities with low impact on your joints.
- Massage your knees with creams that act as pain relief – there are creams on the market such as Acuraflex, which, after physical activity, quickly relaxes the muscles, instantly soothes and relieves stiffness, and quickly reduces or even eliminates pain exactly where it occurs.
- Use food supplements – based on quality natural ingredients with proven efficiency on bones, joints and muscles. Acuraflex capsules are one of the most efficient food supplements available on the market. Acuraflex capsules contain an efficient formula of natural ingredients well known for centuries for their strong anti-inflammatory action. Many numerous scientific studies have shown the positive effects that Acuraflex capsules have on bones, joints, cartilage, muscles, tendons, ligaments, various inflammation and pain.
- Take a rest– Take a break from your usual activities to reduce continuous loading your knees, give tissues a chance to heal, and prevent further damage. For minor injuries a day or two of rest can be all that is needed. When it comes to more serious injuries, it will probably take longer to recover.
- Ice your knees – ice reduces pain and inflammation. Never put ice directly on the skin, but wrap it in a cloth. Although ice therapy is generally safe and effective, do not use ice for more than 20 minutes due to the risk of nerve and skin damage.
- Use a compression bandage – this prevents fluid buildup in damaged tissues and contributes to knee stability. Choose a compression bandage that is light, breathable, and self-adhesive. It should be firm enough to support the knee without disrupting circulation.
- Elevate your legs – To reduce swelling, try to support your injured leg with pillows or keep it straight on the couch.