When treating joint pain, in addition to the medication they take, many people find dietary supplements, containing vitamins, minerals and other substances, very helpful. We provide an overview of some of the best natural ingredients whose effiecieny to improve joint health has been scientific proven. Some dietary supplements can affect medications, so if you already take certain types of medications, consult your doctor or pharmacist before using the supplements.




Glucosamine sulphate – It can also be called a major component of articular cartilage, as it supplies the joints with the building blocks needed to repair the damage caused by osteoarthritis or injury, and helps with wound healing. Glucosamine sulfate is not significantly present in food. Shellfish (such as prawns, lobsters and crustaceans) or plant sources are used to produce the supplement, and is often combined with chondroitin. It should be used for about a month to see its beneficial effects. It is believed that glucosamine sulfate slows down cartilage deterioration, relieve osteoarthritis (OA) pain, and improve joint mobility.
Like chondroitin, glucosamine can lubricate joints, help maintain water in cartilage, and protect wear and tear. Although the reserched results are mixed, overall, glucosamine reduces pain and improves joint function in OA. The largest study so far about impact of glucosamine and chondroitin on osteoarthritis patients, conducted in 1600 people, showed in the first phase that a number of patients with moderate to severe arthritis experienced the necessary pain relief.

Chondroitin sulfate – Chondroitin is a glycosaminoglycan, a natural cartilage component, used from bovine or shark cartilage or produced synthetically. It is often combined with glucosamine. Scientific evidence supports its use to relieve joint pain, improve joint mobility, and reduce the dose of common anti-inflammatory drugs. Chondroitin sulfate is used to relieve osteoarthritis problems. In osteoarthritis, the cartilage in the joints wears away, and taking chondroitin sulfate, one of the building blocks of cartilage, can slow down certilage loss. It is often used in combination with other ingredients, including manganese ascorbate, glucosamine sulfate, glucosamine hydrochloride or N-acetyl glucosamine. Chondroitin sulfate is taken orally in diseases such as HIV, heart disease, weak bones (osteoporosis), joint pain caused by drugs used to treat breast cancer, acid reflux, high cholesterol, muscle pain after exercise, bone disease called Kashin -Beck’s disease, and in itching and flaking skin (psoriasis). Chondroitin sulfate is also used in combination with iron to treat anemia. Some people with osteoarthritis use ointments or skin creams with chondroitin and glucosamine sulfate and camphor to relieve pain.

Omega-3 fatty acids – they are essential for life, that is, they are essential for health, and the body can not only produce them, which means that we must get is from food. They are important in all stages of life, and besides the heart, they protect the brain, eyesight and have anti-inflammatory effects. The most well-known diet supplement with omega-3 fatty acids is fish oil. Studies have shown that the intake of fish oil through dietary supplements reduces joint pain, duration of morning stiffness, reduces joint swelling, associated with less usa of painkillers. Omega 3 fatty acids are known to have an extremely positive effect on the circulatory system as well as on the brain. The sources of these valuable fats are fish, algae, seafood, seeds and nuts. People who eat fish rich in omega – 3 fatty acids (such as small blue fish or oily fish from the cold seas) about 2 to 3 times a week can satisfy the needs of the body for omega. Otherwise or for those who do not like fish omega – 3 fatty acids can be taken from dietary supplements. Dietary supplements with this important acid are a good idea because if they are quality made, the heavy metals and other contaminants (pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls and dioxins) found in the fish, due to the polluted eco system, have been eliminated.

Curcumin – The most important substance of turmeric is curcumin, a polyphenol from the curcumin group, responsible for the yellow color of this plant. Curcumin is a natural yellow pigment, it has a number of positive effects on the body, with a strong anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-infective and anti-carcinogenic effects. It is traditionally used in Chinese and Indian Ayurvedic medicine to treat arthritis because it blocks inflammatory cytokines and enzymes. Several recent studies have shown that curcumin has anti-inflammatory properties and alters the immune system response. Study from 2006 found that turmeric was more effective in preventing joint inflammation than in reducing joint inflammation. In a small study from 2012., a curcumin product called BCM-95 was shown to reduce joint pain and swelling in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis better than diclofenac, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). Curcumin neutralizes free radicals – unstable molecules that damage cells and contribute to aging, as well as the emergence of diseases such as cancer or heart disease. Consuming turmeric regulary, for example through dietary supplements, stimulates and helps antioxidant enzymes in the body to fight free radicals. High doses of turmeric can act as a blood thinner and cause gastric disorders. Avoid turmeric / curcumin if you are taking blood thinners, need surgery, are pregnant or have a gallbladder disease.

Ginger – Its active ingredient, gingerol, has an anti-inflammatory effect, relieves symptoms of arthritis and other pain, and is anticancer. Ginger has analgesic, calming and antibacterial effect and is effectively used in treating rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis and other diseases of musculoskeletal and connective tissue. Ginger ingredients act as blockers of substances responsible for painful inflammatory processes in the muscles and joints, resulting in less pain, swelling and joint stiffness. In addition to gingerol, ginger also contains quercetin, a flavonoid with a strong antioxidant effect. Some studies have shown that quercetin may have a preventative effect on the development of some cancers.

Boswellia serrata (Indian frankincense resin extract) – is a traditional Indian remedy used to reduce joint pain. It is also thought to have anticancer activity, but for now Boswellia serrata has been proved to reduce joint inflammation, while there is still insufficient evidence of anticancer activity. The major medicinal compounds in boswellia extract are boswellia acids, the most important being acetyl-11-keto-beta-boswellic acid (AKBA), which has anti-inflammatory effects and is known to suppress various inflammatory processes in the body. A systematic review of data from randomized clinical trials showed that boswellia extracts are safe and clinically effective for rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and some inflammatory diseases. This review was published in 2006. Since then, additional randomized, double-blind clinical trials have been completed to confirm the efficacy of boswellia extract for the treatment of joint pain in osteoarthritis.

Vitamin D – is vital for bone and muscle function and can have anti-inflammatory effects. As a result, vitamin D is considered to play a role in relieving joint pain, especially when caused by inflammation. Some studies have linked vitamin D deficiency to rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a chronic inflammatory condition that affects the joints. A review of a study from 2016. found that people with RA had significantly less vitamin D in their blood than people without RA. Research work from 2012. suggests that vitamin D deficiency may be a risk factor for inflammatory diseases such as RA and may increase the severity of the condition. Vitamin D supplementation is useful for the prevention of osteoporosis. Patients with RA have a higher risk of osteoporotic fractures and suffer from greater joint pain, so it’s recommended to use supplementation. Vitamin D can also improve mood and symptoms of depression.

Calcium – Maintains bones and teeth strong, regulates muscle contractions, transmits nerve impulses, and helps release essential hormones and enzymes. Calcium prevents osteoporosis – a loss of bone density. Getting enough calcium is crucial for people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and those taking corticosteroids since it significantly increases the risk of osteoporosis. Studies have shown that the combination of 1,000 mg calcium and 500 mg vitamin D altered the corticosteroid-induced bone loss and prevented further deterioration of bone conditions. Some research shows that calcium supplements can also slow down joint damage associated with RA. Studies have also shown that excessive calcium intake through dietary supplements but not through food can increase the risk of heart attack.